Clément, Gilbert


Chargé de recherche CNRS (CRCN, HDR)

Laboratoire Evolution, Génomes, Comportement, Ecologie
CNRS Université Paris-Saclay UMR 9191 IRD UMR 247
Avenue de la Terrasse, Bâtiment 13, Boite Postale 1
91198 Gif sur Yvette
Tel: +33 1 69 82 37 37


  • Rôle des virus dans les transferts horizontaux de matériel génétique entre animaux

Financement: ANR JCJC (15-CE32-0011-01 TransVir), Nov. 2015 – Nov. 2020. Rôle: Porteur

  • Impact des symbiotes féminisants sur l’évolution des systèmes de détermination du sexe

Financement: ANR PRC (CytoSexDet), Jan. 2016 – Jan. 2021. Rôle: Participant. PI: R. Cordaux (UMR CNRS EBI 7267, Université de Poitiers)

  • Influence de la sympatrie sur les transferts horizontaux d’éléments transposables entre insectes

Financement: ANR PRC (TranspHorizon), Jan. 2019 – Dec. 2023. Rôle: Responsable d’un work package. PI: A. Hua-Van (UMR CNRS EGCE 9191, Université Paris-Saclay)

  • Interactions génomiques entre guêpes parasitoïdes et papillons

Financement: ANR PRC (CoteBio), Avril 2018 – Mars 2022. Rôle: Co-responsable avec Prof. Elisabeth Huguet d’un work package. PI: L. Kaiser (UMR CNRS EGCE 9191, Université Paris-Saclay)


#contribution égale ; *étudiant(e)/postdoc encadré(e)

Lien Google Scholar:


  • Desiderato A, Barbeitos M, Gilbert C, Da Lage JL. Horizontal Transfer and Gene Loss Shaped the Evolution of Alpha-Amylases in Bilaterians. G3 (Bethesda). 2020 Feb 6;10(2):709-719. doi: 10.1534/g3.119.400826.
  • Loiseau V*, Herniou EA, Moreau Y, Lévêque N, Meignin C, Daeffler L, Federici B, Cordaux R, Gilbert C. Wide spectrum and high frequency of genomic structural variation, including transposable elements, in large double-stranded DNA viruses. Virus Evol. 2020 Jan 27;6(1):vez060. doi: 10.1093/ve/vez060.


  • Becking T*, Chebbi MA, Giraud I, Moumen B, Laverré T, Caubet Y, Peccoud J, Gilbert C#, Cordaux R#. Sex chromosomes control vertical transmission of feminizing Wolbachia symbionts in an isopod. PLoS Biol. 2019 Oct 10;17(10):e3000438. doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.3000438.
  • Machado LC, de Morais-Sobral MC, Campos TL, Pereira MR, de Albuquerque MFPM, Gilbert C, Franca RFO, Wallau GL. Genome sequencing reveals coinfection by multiple chikungunya virus genotypes in a recent outbreak in Brazil. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2019 May 16;13(5):e0007332. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0007332.
  • Chebbi MA, Becking T, Moumen B, Giraud I, Gilbert C, Peccoud J, Cordaux R. The Genome of Armadillidium vulgare (Crustacea, Isopoda) Provides Insights into Sex Chromosome Evolution in the Context of Cytoplasmic Sex Determination. Mol Biol Evol. 2019 Apr 1;36(4):727-741. doi: 10.1093/molbev/msz010.
  • Reiss D, Mialdea G, Miele V, de Vienne DM, Peccoud J, Gilbert C, Duret L, Charlat S. Global survey of mobile DNA horizontal transfer in arthropods reveals Lepidoptera as a prime hotspot. PLoS Genet. 2019 Feb 1;15(2):e1007965. doi: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1007965.
  • Grandjean F#, Gilbert C#, Razafimafondy F, Vucić M, Delaunay C, Gindre P, Bouchard J, Raimond M, Moumen B. A new bunya-like virus associated with mass mortality of white-clawed crayfish in the wild. Virology. 2019 Jul;533:115-124. doi: 10.1016/j.virol.2019.05.014.


  • Gaulin, E., M. J. C. Pel, L. Camborde, H. San-Clemente, S. Courbier, M.-A. Dupouy, J. Lengelle, M. Veyssiere, A. Le Ru, F. Grandjean, R. Cordaux, B. Moumen, C. Gilbert, L. M. Cano, J.-M. Aury, J. Guy, P. Wincker, O. Bouchez, C. Klopp & B. Dumas (2018) Genomics analysis of Aphanomyces spp. identifies a new class of oomycete effector associated with host adaptation. Bmc Biology, 16. 10.1186/s12915-018-0508-5.
  • Gilbert, C. & C. Feschotte (2018) Horizontal acquisition of transposable elements and viral sequences: patterns and consequences. Current opinion in genetics & development, 49, 15-24. 10.1016/j.gde.2018.02.007.
  • Lewis, S., K. Quarles, Y. Yang, M. Tanguy, L. Frezal, S. Smith, P. Sharma, R. Cordaux, C. Gilbert, I. Giraud, D. Collins, P. Zamore, E. Miska, P. Sarkies & F. Jiggins (2018) Pan-arthropod analysis reveals somatic piRNAs as an ancestral defence against transposable elements. Nature Ecology & Evolution, In press. 10.1038/s41559-017-0403-4.
  • Peccoud, J., R. Cordaux & C. Gilbert (2018a) Analyzing Horizontal Transfer of Transposable Elements on a Large Scale: Challenges and Prospects. BioEssays : news and reviews in molecular, cellular and developmental biology, 40(2). 10.1002/bies.201700177.
  • Peccoud, J., S. Lequime, I. Moltini-Conclois, I. Giraud, L. Lambrechts & C. Gilbert (2018b) A Survey of Virus Recombination Uncovers Canonical Features of Artificial Chimeras Generated During Deep Sequencing Library Preparation. G3-Genes Genomes Genetics, 8, 1129-1138. 10.1534/g3.117.300468.


  • Cordaux R., Gilbert C. Evolutionary significance of Wolbachia-to-animal horizontal gene transfer: female sex determination and the f element in the isopod Armadillidium vulgare. Genes (In press)
  • Peccoud J., Chebbi M.A., Cormier A., Moumen B., Gilbert C., Marcadé I., Chandler C., Cordaux R. Untangling heteroplasmy, structure, and evolution of an atypical mitochondrial genome by PacBio sequencing. Genetics (In press)
  • Gilbert C., Cordaux R. Viruses as vectors of horizontal transfer of transposable elements. Curr. Opin. Virol. 25: 16-22. (2017)
  • Loiseau V.*, Giraud I., Federici B., Bigot Y., Cordaux R., Gilbert C. Iridovirus IIV31: a remarkable virus infecting terrestrial isopods. Virologie 21 : 147-149. (2017)
  • Peccoud J., Loiseau V.*, Cordaux R., Gilbert C. Massive horizontal transfer of transposable elements in insects. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 114(18): 4721-4726. (2017)
  • Becking T.*, Giraud I., Raimond M., Moumen B., Chandler C., Cordaux R.#, Gilbert C.# Diversity and evolution of sex determination systems in terrestrials isopods. Sci. Rep. 7: 1084. (2017)


  • Leclercq S., Thézé J., Chebbi MA, Giraud I, Moumen B, Ernenwein L., Grève P., Gilbert C., Cordaux R. Birth of a W sex chromosome by horizontal transfer of Wolbachia bacterial symbiont genome. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 113(52): 15036–15041. (2016)
  • Gilbert C., Feschotte C. Virus et gènes viraux endogènes : évolution et impact. Virologie 20(3) : 158 – 173. (2016)
  • Gilbert C., Peccoud J., Chateigner A., Moumen B., Cordaux R#., Herniou E#. Continuous influx of genetic material from host to virus populations. PLOS Genet. 12 (2), e1005838 (2016)


  • Metegnier G.*, Becking T., Chebbi M.A., Giraud I., Moumen B., Schaack S., Cordaux R., Gilbert C. Comparative paleovirological analysis of crustaceans identifies multiple widespread viral groups. Mob. DNA 6: 16. (2015)
  • Cerveau N., Gilbert C., Liu C., Garrett R.A., Grève P., Bouchon D., Cordaux R. Genomic context drives transcription of insertion sequences in the bacterial endosymbiont Wolbachia wVulC. Gene 564: 81-86 (2015)


  • Thézé J.*, Leclercq S., Moumen B., Cordaux R., Gilbert C. Remarkable diversity of endogenous viruses in a crustacean isopod. Genome Biol. Evol. 6(8): 2129–2140 (2014)
  • Gilbert C., Meik J.M., Card D.C., Castoe T.A., Schaack S. Endogenous hepadnaviruses, bornaviruses and circoviruses in snakes. Proc. Biol. Soc. B 281: 1791. (2014)
  • Dupeyron M.*, Leclercq S., Cerveau N., Bouchon D., Gilbert C. Horizontal transfer of transposons within and between insects and crustaceans. Mob. DNA 5:4. (2014)
  • Gilbert C., Chateigner A., Ernenwein L., Bézier A., Barbe V., Herniou E.#, Cordaux R.# Population genomics supports baculoviruses as vectors of horizontal transfer of insect transposons. Nature Commun. 5: 3348. (2014)


  • Gilbert C., Cordaux R. Horizontal transfer and evolution of prokaryote transposable elements in eukaryotes. Genome Biol Evol. 5: 822 – 832. (2013)
  • Gilbert C., Waters P.D., Feschotte C., Schaack S. Horizontal transfer of OC1 transposons in the Tasmanian devil. BMC Genomics 14: 134. (2013)


  • Leclercq S., Gilbert C., Cordaux R. Cargo capacity of phages and plasmids and other factors influencing horizontal transfers of prokaryote transposable elements. Mobile Genetic Elements 2: 115-118. (2012)
  • Feschotte C., Gilbert C. Endogenous viruses: insights into viral evolution and impact on host biology. Nature Rev. Genetics 13: 283-296. (2012)
  • Al Nadaf S., Deakin J.E., Gilbert C., Robinson T.J., Graves J.A., Waters P.D. A cross-species comparison of escape from X inactivation in Eutheria: implications for evolution of X chromosome inactivation. Chromosoma 121: 71-78. (2012)
  • Gilbert C., Hernandez S.*, Flores-Benabib J.*, Smith E., Feschotte C. Rampant horizontal transfer of SPIN transposons in squamate reptiles. Mol. Biol. Evol. 29: 503-515. (2012)


  • Solano E., Gilbert C., Richards L., Taylor P. J., Soarimalala V., Engelbrecht A., Goodman S.M., Robinson T. J. First karyotypic descriptions of Malagasy rodents (Nesomyinae, Muridae) reveal variation at multiple taxonomic levels. J. Zool. 285: 110-118. (2011)
  • Chaumeil J., Waters P. D., Koina E., Gilbert C., Robinson T. J., Marshall Graves J. A. Evolution of XIST-controlled X chromosome inactivation: Epigenetic modifications in distantly related mammals. PLoS ONE 6: e19040. (2011)


  • Gilbert C., Feschotte C. Genomic fossils calibrate the long-term evolution of hepatitis B viruses. PLoS Biol. 8: 9: e1000495. (2010)
  • Schaack S. R.#, Gilbert C.#, Feschotte C. Promiscous DNA: horizontal transfer of transposable elements and why it matters for eukaryotic evolution. Trends Ecol. Evol. 25: 537-546. (2010)
  • Gilbert C.#, Schaack S. R.#, Pace II J. K., Brindley P. J., Feschotte C. A role for host-parasite interactions in the horizontal transfer of transposons across phyla. Nature 464: 1347 – 1350. (2010)


  • Rodríguez Delgado C.L., Waters P.D., Gilbert C., Robinson T.J., Marshall Graves J.A. Physical mapping of the elephant X chromosome: conservation of gene order over 105 million years. Chromosome Res. 17: 833 – 945. (2009)
  • Gilbert C., Maxfield D. G.*, Goodman S. M., Feschotte C. Parallel germline infiltration of a lentivirus in two Malagasy lemurs. PLOS Genet. 5: 3: e1000425. (2009)
  • Gilbert C., Pace II J. K., Feschotte C. Horizontal SPINning of transposons. Commun. Integr. Biol. 2: 117 – 119. (2009)


  • Ropiquet A., Gerbault-Seureau M., Deuve J. L., Gilbert C., Pagacova E., Chai N., Rubes J., Hassanin A., Chromosome evolution in the subtribe Bovina (Mammalia, Bovidae): The karyotype of the Cambodian banteng (Bos javanicus birmanicus) suggests that Robertsonian translocations are related to interspecific hybridization. Chromosome Res. 16: 1107 – 1118. (2008)
  • Pace II J. K., Gilbert C., Clark M.*, Feschotte C. Repeated horizontal transfer of a DNA transposon in mammals and other tetrapods. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 105: 17023 – 17028. (2008)
  • Gilbert C., Pace II J. K., Waters P. D. Target site analysis of RTE1_LA and its AfroSINE partner in the elephant genome. Gene 425: 1 – 8. (2008)
  • Gilbert C., Maree S., Robinson T. J. Chromosomal evolution and distribution of telomeric repeats in golden moles. Cytogenet. Genome Res. 121: 110 – 119. (2008)


  • Gilbert C., Goodman S.M., Soarimalala V., Olson L.E., O’Brien P.C.M., Elder F.F.B., Yang F., Ferguson-Smith M.A., and Robinson T.J. Chromosomal evolution in tenrecs (Microgale and Oryzorictes, Tenrecidae) from the Central Highlands of Madagascar. Chromosome Res. 15: 1075 – 1091. (2007)


  • Gilbert C., O’Brien P.C., Bronner G., Yang F., Hassanin A., Ferguson-Smith M.A., Robinson T. J. Chromosome painting and molecular dating indicate a low rate of chromosomal evolution in golden moles (Mammalia, Chrysochloridae). Chromosome Res. 14: 793-803. (2006)
  • Gilbert C., Ropiquet A., Hassanin A. Mitochondrial and nuclear phylogenies of Cervidae (Mammalia, Ruminantia): systematics, morphology and biogeography. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 40: 101-118. (2006)


  • Gilbert C., Peccoud J. Les éléments génétiques mobiles d’insectes sautent fréquemment dans les génomes de virus. Med Sci. (Paris) 32: 1017-1019. (2016)
  • Gilbert C., Schaack S., Feschotte C. Quand les éléments génétiques mobiles bondissent entre espèces animales. Med. Sci. (Paris) 26: 1025 – 1027. (2010)