Clément Gilbert



CNRS junior researcher (CR1, HDR)

Laboratoire Evolution, Génomes, Comportement, Ecologie
CNRS Université Paris-Sud UMR 9191 IRD UMR 247
Avenue de la Terrasse, Bâtiment 13, Boite Postale 1
91198 Gif sur Yvette
Tel: +33 1 69 82 37 37

Member of the IGGIPOP team



  • Role of viruses as vectors of horizontal transfer of genetic material between animals

Funding: ANR JCJC (15-CE32-0011-01 TransVir), Nov. 2015 – Nov. 2020. PI: C. Gilbert

  • Impact of feminizing symbionts on the evolution of sex determination systems

Funding: ANR PRC (15-CE32-0006-01), Jan. 2016 – Jan. 2021. PI: R. Cordaux (UMR CNRS EBI 7267, Université de Poitiers)



#equal contribution ; *student/postdoc supervized

Google Scholar:


  • Cordaux R., Gilbert C. Evolutionary significance of Wolbachia-to-animal horizontal gene transfer: female sex determination and the f element in the isopod Armadillidium vulgare. Genes 8(7): 186. (2017)
  • Peccoud J., Chebbi M.A., Cormier A., Moumen B., Gilbert C., Marcadé I., Chandler C., Cordaux R. Untangling heteroplasmy, structure, and evolution of an atypical mitochondrial genome by PacBio sequencing. Genetics 207: 269-280. (2017)
  • Gilbert C., Cordaux R. Viruses as vectors of horizontal transfer of transposable elements. Curr. Opin. Virol. 25: 16-22. (2017)
  • Loiseau V.*, Giraud I., Federici B., Bigot Y., Cordaux R., Gilbert C. Iridovirus IIV31: a remarkable virus infecting terrestrial isopods. Virologie 21 : 147-149. (2017)
  • Peccoud J., Loiseau V.*, Cordaux R., Gilbert C. Massive horizontal transfer of transposable elements in insects. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 114(18): 4721-4726. (2017)
  • Becking T.*, Giraud I., Raimond M., Moumen B., Chandler C., Cordaux R.#, Gilbert C.# Diversity and evolution of sex determination systems in terrestrials isopods. Sci. Rep. 7: 1084. (2017)


  • Leclercq S., Thézé J., Chebbi MA, Giraud I, Moumen B, Ernenwein L., Grève P., Gilbert C., Cordaux R. Birth of a W sex chromosome by horizontal transfer of Wolbachia bacterial symbiont genome. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 113(52): 15036–15041. (2016)
  • Gilbert C., Feschotte C. Virus et gènes viraux endogènes : évolution et impact. Virologie 20(3) : 158 – 173. (2016)
  • Gilbert C., Peccoud J., Chateigner A., Moumen B., Cordaux R#., Herniou E#. Continuous influx of genetic material from host to virus populations. PLOS Genet. 12 (2), e1005838 (2016)


  • Metegnier G.*, Becking T., Chebbi M.A., Giraud I., Moumen B., Schaack S., Cordaux R., Gilbert C. Comparative paleovirological analysis of crustaceans identifies multiple widespread viral groups. Mob. DNA 6: 16. (2015)
  • Cerveau N., Gilbert C., Liu C., Garrett R.A., Grève P., Bouchon D., Cordaux R. Genomic context drives transcription of insertion sequences in the bacterial endosymbiont Wolbachia wVulC. Gene 564: 81-86 (2015)


  • Thézé J.*, Leclercq S., Moumen B., Cordaux R., Gilbert C. Remarkable diversity of endogenous viruses in a crustacean isopod. Genome Biol. Evol. 6(8): 2129–2140 (2014)
  • Gilbert C., Meik J.M., Card D.C., Castoe T.A., Schaack S. Endogenous hepadnaviruses, bornaviruses and circoviruses in snakes. Proc. Biol. Soc. B 281: 1791. (2014)
  • Dupeyron M.*, Leclercq S., Cerveau N., Bouchon D., Gilbert C. Horizontal transfer of transposons within and between insects and crustaceans. Mob. DNA 5:4. (2014)
  • Gilbert C., Chateigner A., Ernenwein L., Bézier A., Barbe V., Herniou E.#, Cordaux R.# Population genomics supports baculoviruses as vectors of horizontal transfer of insect transposons. Nature Commun. 5: 3348. (2014)


  • Gilbert C., Cordaux R. Horizontal transfer and evolution of prokaryote transposable elements in eukaryotes. Genome Biol Evol. 5: 822 – 832. (2013)
  • Gilbert C., Waters P.D., Feschotte C., Schaack S. Horizontal transfer of OC1 transposons in the Tasmanian devil. BMC Genomics 14: 134. (2013)


  • Leclercq S., Gilbert C., Cordaux R. Cargo capacity of phages and plasmids and other factors influencing horizontal transfers of prokaryote transposable elements. Mobile Genetic Elements 2: 115-118. (2012)
  • Feschotte C., Gilbert C. Endogenous viruses: insights into viral evolution and impact on host biology. Nature Rev. Genetics 13: 283-296. (2012)
  • Al Nadaf S., Deakin J.E., Gilbert C., Robinson T.J., Graves J.A., Waters P.D. A cross-species comparison of escape from X inactivation in Eutheria: implications for evolution of X chromosome inactivation. Chromosoma 121: 71-78. (2012)
  • Gilbert C., Hernandez S.*, Flores-Benabib J.*, Smith E., Feschotte C. Rampant horizontal transfer of SPIN transposons in squamate reptiles. Mol. Biol. Evol. 29: 503-515. (2012)


  • Solano E., Gilbert C., Richards L., Taylor P. J., Soarimalala V., Engelbrecht A., Goodman S.M., Robinson T. J. First karyotypic descriptions of Malagasy rodents (Nesomyinae, Muridae) reveal variation at multiple taxonomic levels. J. Zool. 285: 110-118. (2011)
  • Chaumeil J., Waters P. D., Koina E., Gilbert C., Robinson T. J., Marshall Graves J. A. Evolution of XIST-controlled X chromosome inactivation: Epigenetic modifications in distantly related mammals. PLoS ONE 6: e19040. (2011)


  • Gilbert C., Feschotte C. Genomic fossils calibrate the long-term evolution of hepatitis B viruses. PLoS Biol. 8: 9: e1000495. (2010)
  • Schaack S. R.#, Gilbert C.#, Feschotte C. Promiscous DNA: horizontal transfer of transposable elements and why it matters for eukaryotic evolution. Trends Ecol. Evol. 25: 537-546. (2010)
  • Gilbert C.#, Schaack S. R.#, Pace II J. K., Brindley P. J., Feschotte C. A role for host-parasite interactions in the horizontal transfer of transposons across phyla. Nature 464: 1347 – 1350. (2010)


  • Rodríguez Delgado C.L., Waters P.D., Gilbert C., Robinson T.J., Marshall Graves J.A. Physical mapping of the elephant X chromosome: conservation of gene order over 105 million years. Chromosome Res. 17: 833 – 945. (2009)
  • Gilbert C., Maxfield D. G.*, Goodman S. M., Feschotte C. Parallel germline infiltration of a lentivirus in two Malagasy lemurs. PLOS Genet. 5: 3: e1000425. (2009)
  • Gilbert C., Pace II J. K., Feschotte C. Horizontal SPINning of transposons. Commun. Integr. Biol. 2: 117 – 119. (2009)


  • Ropiquet A., Gerbault-Seureau M., Deuve J. L., Gilbert C., Pagacova E., Chai N., Rubes J., Hassanin A., Chromosome evolution in the subtribe Bovina (Mammalia, Bovidae): The karyotype of the Cambodian banteng (Bos javanicus birmanicus) suggests that Robertsonian translocations are related to interspecific hybridization. Chromosome Res. 16: 1107 – 1118. (2008)
  • Pace II J. K., Gilbert C., Clark M.*, Feschotte C. Repeated horizontal transfer of a DNA transposon in mammals and other tetrapods. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 105: 17023 – 17028. (2008)
  • Gilbert C., Pace II J. K., Waters P. D. Target site analysis of RTE1_LA and its AfroSINE partner in the elephant genome. Gene 425: 1 – 8. (2008)
  • Gilbert C., Maree S., Robinson T. J. Chromosomal evolution and distribution of telomeric repeats in golden moles. Cytogenet. Genome Res. 121: 110 – 119. (2008)


  • Gilbert C., Goodman S.M., Soarimalala V., Olson L.E., O’Brien P.C.M., Elder F.F.B., Yang F., Ferguson-Smith M.A., and Robinson T.J. Chromosomal evolution in tenrecs (Microgale and Oryzorictes, Tenrecidae) from the Central Highlands of Madagascar. Chromosome Res. 15: 1075 – 1091. (2007)


  • Gilbert C., O’Brien P.C., Bronner G., Yang F., Hassanin A., Ferguson-Smith M.A., Robinson T. J. Chromosome painting and molecular dating indicate a low rate of chromosomal evolution in golden moles (Mammalia, Chrysochloridae). Chromosome Res. 14: 793-803. (2006)
  • Gilbert C., Ropiquet A., Hassanin A. Mitochondrial and nuclear phylogenies of Cervidae (Mammalia, Ruminantia): systematics, morphology and biogeography. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 40: 101-118. (2006)


  • Gilbert C., Peccoud J. Les éléments génétiques mobiles d’insectes sautent fréquemment dans les génomes de virus. Med Sci. (Paris) 32: 1017-1019. (2016)
  • Gilbert C., Schaack S., Feschotte C. Quand les éléments génétiques mobiles bondissent entre espèces animales. Med. Sci. (Paris) 26: 1025 – 1027. (2010)

Arnaud Le Rouzic




Member of : IGGIPOP

Tel. +33(0)1 69 82 37 65

Fax: +33(0)1 69 82 37 36

Research themes

My research project aims at improving our understanding of evolutionary mechanisms through a theoretical approach. Such an approach consists in setting up models, based on current knowledge in evolutionary biology, in order to formalise and test hypotheses of interest. These models can also be at the origin of new statistical tools that make it possible to estimate, from empirical data, key parameters for the understanding of species’ evolutionary properties.

Theoretical approaches of genome evolution

Technical progress during the last decades lead to a situation in which the accumulation of genome sequence data is increasingly fast and cheap. In parallel, with the development of computer sciences and bioinformatics, it is now possible to compare the whole DNA content of individuals from the same species, or from different species with various degrees of divergence. The general principles of genome evolution fit well with the frame known as the “theory of evolution”: some DNA sequences are conserved over long periods of time because of natural selection that eliminates defective variants, others evolve rapidly because they are involved in species adaptation to their environment, and the rest seems not to be affected by selection. However, the respective impact of selection (oriented evolution) vs. genetic drift (neutral evolution) remains a matter of debate in the scientific community. For instance, the genome size is known to vary across species, while the real role of selection in such differences remains poorly known. The number of genes also varies, as does the complexity of interaction networks between genes. Finally, a significant part of genome complexity is due to repeated sequences and parasitic DNA, such as transposable elements, which evolutionary properties are still not well known.

Modelling genome evolution aims at understanding, through mathematical and numerical models, the way by which species DNA changes in the course of time. The goal of this work is not only to describe the major mechanisms involved in the evolution of such a complex system, but also to interpret empirical data in the light of population genetics and the theory of evolution.

Evolutionary quantitative genetics

The genetic architecture of quantitative traits may be extremely complex. Characters related to the size of an organism, its morphology, or its behavior can be influenced by dozens of genes as well as by the environment, and these multiple factors may interact in a way that is difficult to predict. Nevertheless, it is of major importance to understand and define the general properties of such traits in order to predict the evolutionary features. As the accumulation of precise data is tedious and expensive, although necessary to dissect finely the genetic basis of a trait, it is common to describe the general properties of the genetic achitecture of quantitative traits by their statistical properties, through the tools provided by quantitative genetics. Such tools, at the cost of some approximations, make it possible to get powerful predictions about the evolutionary properties of characters. However, perhaps because no alternative framework can be used in practice, the impact of the details of the genetic architecture (such as the number of genes, the existence of significant interactions between genetic or environmental factors), remains poorly known.

My research work aims at providing statistical and mathematical tools devoted to the understanding the evolution of quantitative characters on different time scales, and to assess the prediction power of such tools by confronting them to empirical or simulated data.



The package ‘noia’ is an implementation for R of the Natural and Orthogonal InterAction model (NOIA), a statistical framework aiming at estimating and manipulating genetic effects of quantitative characters. This page is an informal tutorial describing the practical use of the software, as well as some basic concepts in quantitative genetics modeling: noia-tutorial.


The package sra for R provides a set of tools to analyse artificial-selection response datasets. This page is an informal tutorial describing the practical use of the software: tutorial.

External links

Researcher ID: A-4106-2008

ORCID number: /0000-0002-2158-3458

Google Scholar Citation

Publons ID: 1175926


ROBILLARD É., LE ROUZIC A., ZHANG Z., CAPY P., HUA-VAN A. 2016. Experimental evolution reveals hyperparasitic interactions among transposable elements. PNAS 113(5): 14763:14768.

RÜNNEBURGER E.,  LE ROUZIC A. 2016. Why and how genetic canalization evolves in gene regulatory networks. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 16(1): 329.

LE ROUZIC A., ALVAREZ-CASTRO J.M. 2016. Epistasis-driven evolutionary plateaus in selection responses. The American Naturalist, 188(6): E134-E150.

WALLAU G.L., CAPY P., LORETO E., LE ROUZIC A., HUA-VAN A. 2016. VHICA, a new method to discriminate between vertical and horizontal transposon transfer: application to the mariner family within Drosophila. Molecular Biology and Evolution 33(4) 1094-1109.

RENNEVILLE C., LE ROUZIC A, BAYLAC M., MILLOT A., LOISEL S., EDELINE E. 2016. Morphological drivers of trophic cascades. Oikos 125(8) 1193-1202.

DENIS B., LE ROUZIC A., WICKER-THOMAS C. 2016. Hydrocarbon patterns and mating behaviour in populations of Drosophila yakuba. Insects 6(4) 897-911.

LE ROUZIC A., HANSEN T.F., GOSDEN T.P., SVENSSON E.I. 2015. Evolutionary time-series analysis reveals the signature of frequency-dependent selection on a female mating polymorphism. American Naturalist, 185(6) E182-E196.

GARRIDO D., RUBIN T., POIDEVIN M., MARONI B., LE ROUZIC A., PARVY J.P., MONTAGNE J. 2015. Fatty acid synthase cooperates with glyoxalase 1 to protect against sugar toxicity. PLoS Genetics 11(2): e1004995-e1004995.

NEPOUX V., BABIN A., HAAG C., KAWECKI T., LE ROUZIC A. 2015. Quantitative genetics of learning ability and resistance to stress in Drosophila melanogaster. Ecology and Evolution 5(3): 543-556.

ALVAREZ-CASTRO J.M., LE ROUZIC A. 2015. On the partitioning of genetic variance with epistasis, in Epistasis: Methods and Protocols, Eds: Moore, J.H. and Williams, S.M., Springer, Humana Press, pp 95-114.

LE ROUZIC A. 2014 Estimating directional epistasis. Frontiers in Genetics 5:198.

PÉLABON C., FIRMAT C., BOLSTAD G.H., VOJE K.L., HOULE D., CASSARA J., LE ROUZIC A., HANSEN T.F. 2014. Evolution of morphological allometry. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1320(1): 58:75.

GUILLOT G. , VITALIS R. , LE ROUZIC A. , GAUTIER M. 2013 Detecting correlation between allele frequencies and environmental variables as a signature of selection. A fast computational approach for genome-wide studies. Spatial Statistics 8:145-155.

REBAUDO F. , LE ROUZIC A. , DUPAS S. , SILVAIN J. F. , HARRY M. , DANGLES O. 2013 SimAdapt: an individual-based genetic model for simulating landscape management impacts on populations Molecular Ecology Resources 4(6): 595-600.

STARTEK M. , LE ROUZIC A. , CAPY P. , GRZEBELUS D. , GAMBIN A. 2013 Genomic parasites or symbionts? Modeling the effects of environmental pressure on transposon activity in asexual populations Theoretical Population Biology 90:145-151.

LE ROUZIC A. , ALVAREZ-CASTRO J.M. , HANSEN T.F. 2013 The evolution of canalization and evolvability in stable and fluctuating environments. Evolutionary Biology 40: 317-340.

LE ROUZIC A. , PAYEN T. , HUA-VAN A. 2013 Reconstructing the evolutionary history of transposable elements Genome, Biology and Evolution 5(1): 77-86.

ALVAREZ-CASTRO J.M., LE ROUZIC A., ANDERSSON L., SIEGEL P.B., CARLBORG Ö 2012 Modelling of genetic interactions improves prediction of hybrid patterns: a case study in domestic fowl. Genetics Research 94(5): 255-266.

EGSET C.K., HANSEN T.F., LE ROUZIC A., BOLSTAD G.H., ROSENQVIST G., PELABON C. 2012 Artificial selection on allometry: change in elevation but not slope. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 25(5): 938-948.

BOUTIN T.S., LE ROUZIC A., CAPY P. 2012 How does selfing affect the dynamics of selfish transposable elements? Mobile DNA 3(1): 5.

LE ROUZIC A., HOULE D., HANSEN T.F. 2011 A modelling framework for the analysis of artificial-selection time series. Genetics Research 93: 155.

LE ROUZIC A., ØSTBYE K., KLEPAKER T.O., HANSEN T.F., BERNATCHEZ L., SCHLUTER D., VøLLESTAD L.A. 2011 Strong and consistent natural selection associated with armour reduction in sticklebacks. Molecular Ecology 20: 2483.

HUA-VAN A., LE ROUZIC A., BOUTIN T.S., FILEE J., CAPY P. 2011 The struggle for life of the genome’s selfish architects. Biology Direct 6: 19.

BESNIER, F., LE ROUZIC, A. and ALVAREZ-CASTRO, J.M. 2010 Applying QTL analysis to conservation genetics. Conservation Genetics 11(2): 399.

LE ROUZIC, A., SKAUG, H.J. and HANSEN, T.F. 2010 Estimating genetic architectures from artificial-selection responses: a random-effect framework. Theoretical Population Biology 77(2): 119.

PAVLICEV, M., LE ROUZIC, A., CHEVERUD, J.M., WAGNER, G.P. and HANSEN, T.F. 2010 Directionality of epistasis in a murine intercross population. Genetics 185(4): 1489.

EDELINE, É, LE ROUZIC, A., WINFIELD, I.J., FLETCHER, J.M., JAMES, J.B., STENSETH, N.C. and VøLLESTAD, L.A. 2009 Harvest-induced disruptive selection increases variance in fitness-related traits. Proceedings of the Biological Society of London B. 276(1676): 4163.

LE ROUZIC, A. and CAPY, P. 2009 Theoretical approaches to the dynamics of transposable elements in genomes, populations, and species. Genome dynamics and stability. Transposons and the dynamic genome, Springer. 4: 1.

ALVAREZ-CASTRO, J.M., LE ROUZIC, A. and CARLBORG, Ö. 2008 How to perform meaningful estimates of genetic effects. PLoS Genetics 4(5): 1000062.

LE ROUZIC, A. and ALVAREZ-CASTRO, J.M. 2008 Estimation of genetic effects and genotype-phenotype maps. Evolutionary Bioinformatics 4: 225.

LE ROUZIC, A., ALVAREZ-CASTRO, J.M. and CARLBORG, Ö. 2008 Dissection of the genetic architecture of body weight in chicken reveals the impact of epistasis on domestication traits. Genetics 179(3): 1591.

LE ROUZIC, A. and CARLBORG, Ö. 2008 Evolutionary potential of hidden genetic variation. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 23(1): 33.

LE ROUZIC, A., SIEGEL, P.B. and CARLBORG, Ö. 2007 Phenotypic evolution from genetic polymorphisms in a radial network architecture. BMC Biology 5: 50.

LE ROUZIC, A., BOUTIN, T. S. and CAPY, P. 2007 Long-term evolution of transposable elements. PNAS 104: 19375.

LE ROUZIC, A., DUPAS, S. and CAPY, P. 2007 Genome ecosystem and transposable elements species. Gene 390: 214.

LE ROUZIC, A. and CAPY, P. 2006 Reversible introduction of transgenes in natural populations of insects. Insect Molecular Biology 15: 227.

LE ROUZIC, A. and CAPY, P. 2006 Population genetics models of competition between transposable element subfamilies. Genetics 174: 785.

LE ROUZIC, A. and CAPY, P. 2005 The first steps of transposable elements invasion: parasitic strategy vs. genetic drift. Genetics 169: 1033.

HUA-VAN A., LE ROUZIC A., MAISONHAUTE C. and CAPY P. 2005 Abundance, distribution and dynamics of retrotransposable elements and transposons: similarities and differences. Cytogenetics and Genome Research 110: 426.

LE ROUZIC, A. and DECELIERE, G. 2005 Models of the population genetics of transposable elements. Genetical Research 85: 171.

Pierre, CAPY

  Professor University of Paris-Sud
  PhD, 1982 and 1987, University of Paris-Sud
  Member of : IGGIPOP
  Tél. 33 1 69 82 37 09
  Fax. 33 1 69 82 37 36

Research Interests

Dynamics and regulation of the mariner transposable element in natural populations of Drosophila simulans

Stress and transposable elements

Phylogenies and classification of transposable elements

Evolution of transposable element structure

Date de dernière mise à jour : Mercredi 30 Octobre 2013, nombre de visualisation de cette page : 5396


  • NEGOUA H., ROUAULT JD., CHAKIR M., CAPY P. 2013. Internal deletions of transposable elements: the case of Lemi elements. Genetica. 141 : 369-379.
  • STARTEK M., LE ROUZIC A., CAPY P., GRZEBZLUS D., GAMBIN A. 2013. Genomic parasites or symbionts? Modeling the effects of environmental pressure on transposition activity in asexual populations. Theoretical Population Biology. 90, 145-151.
  • BOUTIN TS., LE ROUZIC A., CAPY P. 2012. How does selfing affect the dynamics of selfish transposable elements? Mobile DNA. 3 : 5.
  • FORT P, ALBERTINI A, HUA-VAN, BETHOMIEU A, ROCHE S, DELSUC F, PASTEUR N, CAPY P, GAUDIN Y, WEILL M. 2011. MBE. Fossil Rhabdoviral Sequences Integrated into Arthropod Genomes: Ontogeny, Evolution, and Potential Functionality. Molecular Biology and Evolution. 29, 381-390.
  • CHAKIR M., NEGOUA H., CAPY P., DAVID JR. 2011. Phenotypic variability and sex dimorphism in Drosophila (Diptera: Drosophilidae): comparison of the wild and laboratory grown adults of two sympatric cosmopolitan species. Ann. Soc. Entomol. France. 47 (3-4): 371-383.
  • YASSIN A., BORAI F., CAPY P., DAVID J.R., ELIAS E., RIAD S.A., SHALABY H.G., SEROUR S. and ABOU-YOUSSEF A.Y. 2009 Evolutionary genetics of Zaprionus. II. Mitochondrial DNA and chromosomal variation of the invasive drosophilid Zaprionus indianus in Egypt. Mitochondrial DNA 20: 34
  • MCEVEY S. F., SCHIFFER M., DA LAGE J-L., DAVID J. R., LEMEUNIER F., JOLY D., CAPY P. and CARIOU M-L. 2008 Comments on the proposed conservation of usage of Drosophila Fallén, 1823 (Insecta, Diptera). Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 65(2): 147
  • LORETO ELS., CARARETO CMA. and CAPY P. 2008 Revisiting horizontal transfer of transposable elements in Drosophila Heredity 100(6): 545
  • PICOT S., WALLAU GL., LORETO ELS., HEREDIA FO., HUA-VAN A. and CAPY P. 2008 The mariner transposable element in natural populations of Drosophila simulans. Heredity 101: 53
  • YASSIN A., CAPY P., MADI-RAVAZZI L., OGEREAU D. and DAVID JR. 2008 DNA barcode discovers two cryptic species and two geographic radiations in the invasive drosophilid, Zaprionus indianus. Molecular Ecology Reources 8: 491
  • MAISONHAUTE C., HUA-VAN A., OGEREAU D and CAPY P. 2007 Amplification of the 1731 LTR retrotransposon in Drosophila melanogaster cells : origin of neocopies and impact on the genome. Gene 393: 116
  • BONIZZONI M., GOMULSKI L., MALACRIDA AR., CAPY P. and GASPERI G. 2007 Highly similar piggyBac transposase-like sequences from various Bactrocera (Diptera, Tephritidae) species Insect Molecular Biology 16: 645
  • CHAKIR M., MORETEAU B., CAPY P. and DAVID J R. 2007 Journal of Thermal Biology 32: 1
  • LE ROUZIC, A., BOUTIN, T. S. and CAPY, P. 2007 Long-term evolution of transposable elements. PNAS 104: 19375 pdf url
  • LE ROUZIC, A., DUPAS, S. and CAPY, P. 2007 Genome ecosystem and transposable elements species. Gene 390: 214 pdf url
  • WICKER T., SABOT F., HUA-VAN A., BENNETZEN J.L., CAPY P., CHALHOUB B., FLAVELL A., LEROY P., MORGANTE M., PANAUD O., PAUX E., SANMIGUEL P. and SCHULMAN A.H. 2007 A unified classification system for eukaryotic transposable elements. Nat Rev Genet 8: 973
  • YASSIN A., ABOU-YOUSSEF A., BITTNER-MATHE B., CAPY P. and DAVID J R. 2007 Developmental stress in wild living drosophilids inferred from biometry: metric and meristic traits react differently to heterogeneous environmental conditions Ecological entomology 32: 1
  • YASSIN A., ABOU-YOUSSEF A., BITTNER-MATHE B., CAPY P. and DAVID J.R. 2007 Mesosternal bristle number in a cosmopolitan drosophilid: an X-linked trait independent of sternopleural bristles Journal of Genetics 86: 149
  • DAVID J.R, ARARIPE L.O, BITNER-MATHE B.C, CAPY P, GONI B, KLACZKO L.B, LEGOUT H, MARTINS M.B, VOUIDIBIO J, YASSIN A and MORETEAU B 2006 Quantitative trait analysis and geographic variability of natural populations of Zaprionus indianus, a recent invader in Brazil Heredity 96: 53
  • DAVID J.R, ARARIPE L.O, BITNER-MATHE B.C, CAPY P, GONI B, KLACZKO L.B, LEGOUT H, MARTINS M.B, VOUIDIBIO J, YASSIN A and MORETEAU B 2006 Sexual dimorphism of body size and sternopleural bristle number: a comparison of geographic populations of an invasive cosmopolitan drosophilid Genetica 128: 109
  • LE ROUZIC, A. and CAPY, P. 2006 Reversible introduction of transgenes in natural populations of insects. Insect Molecular Biology 15: 227 pdf url
  • LE ROUZIC, A. and CAPY, P. 2006 Population genetics models of competition between transposable element subfamilies. Genetics 174: 785 pdf url
  • MILLER W and CAPY P. 2006 Applying Mobile Genetic Elements for Genome Analysis and Evolution. Molecular Biotechnology 33: 161
  • LE ROUZIC, A. and CAPY, P. 2005 The first steps of transposable elements invasion: parasitic strategy vs. genetic drift. Genetics 169: 1033 pdf url
  • CAPY P. 2005 Classification and nomenclature of retrotransposable elements. Cytogenetics and Genome Research. Special Issue “Retrotransposable Elements and Genome Evoluti 110: 457
  • DAVID J.R., GIBERT P., LEGOUT H., PETAVY G., CAPY P. and MORETEAU B. 2005 Isofemale lines in Drosophila: an empirical approach to quantitative traits analysis in natural populations. Heredity 94: 3
  • HAERTY W., LESBATS M. and CAPY P. 2005 Pre-reproductive isolation as a consequence of allopatric differentiation between populations of Drosophila melanogaster. Molecular Ecology 14: 3801
  • HUA-VAN A., LE ROUZIC A., MAISONHAUTE C. and CAPY P. 2005 Abundance, distribution and dynamics of retrotransposable elements and transposons: similarities and differences. Cytogenetics and Genome Research 110: 426 pdf url
  • TORTI C., GOMULSKI L., BONIZZONI M., MURELLI V., MORALLI D., GULGLIELMINO CR., RAIMONDI E., CRISAFULLI D., CAPY P., GASPERI G. and MALACRIDA AR. 2005 Cchobo, a hobo-related sequence in Ceratitis capitata. 0(123): 313
  • CAPY P. 2004 Classification and nomenclature of retrotransposable elements. Cytogenetics and Genome Research. 110: 457
  • CAPY P. and GIBERT P. 2004 Drosophila melanogaster, Drosophila simulans:so similar yet so different Kluwer Academic Publishers. 0: 0
  • DAVID J.R., ALLEMAND R., CAPY P., CHAKIR M.,GIBERT P., PETAVY G. and MORETEAU B. 2004 Comparative life histories and ecophysiology of Drosophila melanogaster and D. simulans. Genetica 120: 151
  • GIBERT P., CAPY P., IMASHEVA A., MORETEAU B., MORIN J.P., PETAVY G. and DAVID J.R. 2004 Comparative analysis of morphological traits among Drosophila melanogaster and D. simulans: genetic variability, clines and phenotypic plasticity. Genetica 120: 165
  • KALMYKOVA A.I., KWON D.A., ROZOVSKY Y.A., HUEBER ., CAPY P., MAISONHAUTE C. and GVOZDEV V.A. 2004 Expansion of the newly genomic variant of the Drosophila retrotransposon 1731 with extended expression profile and lacking frameshift Molecular Biology and Evolution 21: 2281
  • LUCAS H. and CAPY P 2004 Retrotransposons in Poaceae. In Viruses and virus diseases of Poaceae. Eds H.Lapierre et P.Signoret. Edition INRA 0: 0
  • MILLER W.J. and CAPY P. 2004 Mobile Genetic elements: Protocols and Genomic Applications The Humana Press Inc 0: 0
  • CAPY P. and DERAGON J.M. 2003 Transposons Encyclopedia of Human Genome. Nature Publishing Group. 0: 0
  • DABOUSSI M.J. and CAPY P. 2003 Transposable elements in filamentous fungi Annual Review of Microbiology 57: 275
  • HAERTY W., GIBERT P., CAPY P., MORETEAU B. and DAVID J.R. 2003 Microspatial structure of Drosophila melanogaster populations in Brazzaville: evidence of natural selection acting on morphometrical traits. Heredity 91: 440
  • KARAN D., LESBATS M., DAVID J.R. and CAPY. 2003 Evolution of the AMP-forming Acetyl-CoA Synthetase gene in the Drosophilidae family Journal of Molecular Evolution 57: 0
  • BRUNET F., GIRAUD T., GODIN F. and CAPY P. 2002 Do deletions of Mos1-like elements occur randomly in the Drosophilidae family? Journal of Molecular Evolution 54: 227
  • CAPY P. and DERAGON J.M. 2002 Transposons Encyclopedia of Human Genome – 0: 0
  • CAPY P. and MAISONHAUTE C. 2002 Acquisition/loss of modules: the construction set of transposable elements Russian Journal of Genetics 38: 594
  • HAERTY W., JALLON J.M., ROUAULT J. and CAPY P. 2002 Reproductive isolation in natural populations of Drosophila melanogaster from Brazzaville (Congo). Genetica (Special issue on Genetics of Speciation) 116: 215
  • LERAT E., CAPY P. and BIEMONT C. 2002 Codon usage by transposable elements and their host genes among five species J. Mol. Evol. 54: 625
  • LERAT E., CAPY P. and BIEMONT C. 2002 The relative abundance of dinucleotides in transposable elements in five species Mol. Biol. Evol. 19: 964
  • GOMULSKI L.M., TORTI C., BONIZZONI M., MORALLI D., RAIMONDI E., CAPY P., GASPERI G. and MALACRIDA A.R. 2001 A new basal subfamily of mariner elements in Ceratitis rosa and other Tephritid flies J. Mol. Evol. 53: 597
  • KARAN D., DAVID J.R. and CAPY P. 2001 Molecular Evolution of the AMP-forming Acetyl-CoA Synthetase. Gene 265: 95
  • ROUAULT J., CAPY P. and JALLON J.M. 2001 Variations of Male Cuticular Hydrocarbons with Geoclimatic Variables: an Adaptative Mechanism in Drosophila melanogaster. Genetica (sous presse) 0: 0
  • BAZIN C., MAISONHAUTE C. and CAPY P. 2000 Evolution de la taille des génomes: expansion et/ou contraction. Médecine/sciences 16: 814
  • CAPY P. 2000 Perspectives: evolution. Is bigger better in cricket. Science 287: 985
  • CAPY P., GASPERI G., BIEMONT C. and BAZIN C. 2000 Stress and transposable elements: co-evolution or useful parasites. Heredity 85: 101
  • CAPY, P., VEUILLE, M., PAILLETTE, M., JALLON, J.M., VOUIDIBIO, J. and DAVID, J.R. 2000 Sexual isolation of genetically differentiated sympatric populations of Drosophila melanogaster in Brazzaville Congo: the first step towards speciation. Heredity 84: 468
  • DERAGON J.M. and CAPY P. 2000 Impact of transposable elements on the human genome. Ann. Med. 32: 264
  • LERAT E., BIEMONT C. and CAPY P. 2000 Codon usage and the origin of P elements Mol. Biol. Evol. 17: 467
  • TORTI C., GOMULSKI L.M., MORALLI D., RAIMONDI E., ROBERTSON H.M., CAPY P., GASPERI G. and MALACRIDA A.R. 2000 Evolution of different subfamilies of mariner elements within the medfly genome inferred from abundance and chromosomal distribution. Chromosoma 108: 523
  • BAZIN C., DENIS B., CAPY P., BONNIVARD E. and HIGUET D. 1999 Characterization of permissivity for hobo-mediated gonadal dysgenesis in Drosophila melanogaster. Mol. Gen. Genet. 261: 480
  • BRUNET F., GODIN F., BAZIN C. and CAPY P. 1999 Phylogenetic analysis of Mos1-like transposable elements in the Drosophilidae. J. Mol. Evol. 49: 760
  • GRENIER E., ABADON M., BRUNET F., CAPY P. and ABAD P. 1999 A mariner-like transposable element in the insect parasite nematode Heterorhabditis bacteriophora. J. Mol. Evol. 48: 328
  • HARRY M., RASHKOVETSKY E., PAVLICEK T., BAKER S., DERZHAVETS E.M., CAPY P., CARIOU M-L., LACHAISE D., ASADA N. and NEVO E. 1999 Fine-scale biodiversity of Drosophilidae in ‘Evolution Canyon’ at the Lower Nahal Oren microsite, Israel. Biologia, Bratisl. 54: 685
  • LERAT E., BRUNET F., BAZIN C. and CAPY P. 1999 Is the evolution of transposable elements modular? In Transposable element and Genome Evolution. Genetica 107: 15
  • LERAT E. and CAPY P. 1999 Retrotransposons and retroviruses: analysis of the envelope gene. Mol. Biol. Evol. 16: 1198
  • CAPY P. 1998 Evolutionary biology. A plastic genome. Nature 396: 522
  • HUA-VAN A., HERICOURT F., CAPY P., DABOUSSI M.J. and LANGIN T. 1998 Three highly divergent subfamilies of the impala transposable element coexist in the genome of the fungus Fusarium oxysporum. Mol. Gen. Genet. 259: 354
  • CAPY P., BAZIN C., LANGIN T. and HIGUET D. 1997 Evolution and Impact of Transposable Elements. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht. 0: 0